Cognitive leaps, made by the player, which infer a larger, more complex system or world than is actually present in the design. The belief that guards are reacting to the sound of footsteps when no such system has been implemented, imagining NPCs going about their daily lives when the hero is not watching, asserting that an AI opponent is deliberately goading players with certain strategies; these are all numens, created by a organic empathic responses to artificial systems.

“Many players of Sensible Soccer believed that the different footballers had distinctive personalities, as though they were people. The players created numina of three dimensional people out of perceived behaviour.”